Born at Gulgong N.S.W. on 11-10-1921. Left school at the age of 14 years. I worked at many different jobs. I was a Gunner in the Army on 156mm guns on Garden Island W.A. I enlisted as I had three brothers overseas and I wanted to do my bit. I was based in Australia. I got dermatitis bad and was sent back east to guard prisoners of war.
I was in hospital when the war ended. When I came out of hospital I was discharged and went back to Warren where I lived. I enlisted at Warren on 12-12-1941 at the age of 20 years. I get a disability pension 25% for dermatitis and 25% for hearing.